Puzzles of the conducting polymers
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded in 2000 for the discovery
anddevelopment of conducting polymers. This event gives an opportunity to
review the two decades of intensive research in this field.
The electronically and optically active conjugated polymers are still
looking for their place as an interdisciplinary science, while their
possession is disputed between fundamental studies and applications,
chemistry and physics, molecular and condensed matter physics, quantum
chemistry and solid state theory.We shall outline advantages of applying
the principles of the solid state theory to electronic and optical
properties of conducting polymers. We pay special efforts to bring together
the languages of the solid state physics for polymers and the quantum
chemistry of oligomers.
A part of the talk will be devoted to optics of linear polymers, the story
of solitons, intragap states, and their experimental manifestations. The
second part will address the physical grounds for most important contemporary
applications of the polymers: linear and nonlinear optics, junctions
including the field induced superconductivity, etc.